The Impact of Nurse Delegation Regulations on the Provision of Home Care Services: A Four-State Case Study

TitleThe Impact of Nurse Delegation Regulations on the Provision of Home Care Services: A Four-State Case Study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsDudley, N, Miller, J, Breslin, ML, Chapman, S, Spetz, J
JournalMedical Care Research and Review
Volume78
Issue1 Supplement
Pagination47S-56S
Date Published09/2020
Keywordshome care and community-based workforce, nurse delegation, seriously ill and disabled
Abstract

The objective of this study was to explore how home care workers and the agencies that employ them interact with their state’s nurse practice act in the provision of care. Using a qualitative case study approach, we selected four states with varying levels of restrictiveness in their nurse delegation regulations. We conducted interviews (N = 45) with state leaders, agency leaders, and home care workers to learn how these policies affect the home care workforce’s ability to perform care tasks for their clients in order to allow clients to remain in their own homes. We found that increased training and input from registered nurses is needed to identify appropriate health maintenance tasks to delegate to home care workers and support development of training strategies. The federal government could support the development of evidence-based guidelines for training and competency testing as well as for appropriate delegation of health maintenance tasks.

DOI10.1177/1077558720960902