|Title||Characteristics of Multiple Job Holders in Long-term Care|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Bates, T, Spetz, J, Wagner, LM|
|Institution||UCSF Health Workforce Research Center on Long-Term Care|
|Keywords||health care workers, licensed practical and vocational nurses (LPNs), long-term care, multiple jobs, nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides (NPHH), personal care aides (PCAs), registered nurses (RNs), secondary employment|
Multiple job holding is a difficult phenomenon to measure. It is plausible that patient care workers employed in long-term care settings are more likely than average to engage in alternative work arrangements such as informal home health care services providers. Beyond the challenges posed by a viral pandemic, employment in LTC remains at a competitive disadvantage with other health care settings and many other sectors of employment generally.