|Title||Workforce Displacement and Re-Employment During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Implications for Direct Care Workforce Recruitment and Retention|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||McCall, S, Scales, K, Spetz, J|
Demand is rising for direct care workers (including personal care aides, home health aides, and nursing assistants), but recruitment and retention challenges are widespread. While the COVID-19 pandemic has greatly exacerbated these challenges, it has also created a new labor pool comprising millions of workers who have been displaced from occupations with similar entry-level requirements and potentially overlapping job characteristics. However, little is known about whether and how these displaced workers could be re-employed in direct care jobs. To fill this knowledge gap, this study addressed three research questions:
1.How many direct care workers and workers from other occupations with similar entry-level requirements became unemployed during the first three months of the COVID-19 pandemic?
2.To what extent do the knowledge, skills, work activities, and work context of displaced workers’ previous occupations align with those of the three direct care occupations?
3.How many displaced workers re-entered the workforce (including into direct care jobs) within the following year, and from which previous occupations?