The Role of Schedule Volatility in Home Health Nursing Turnover

TitleThe Role of Schedule Volatility in Home Health Nursing Turnover
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBergman, A, Song, H, David, G, Spetz, J, Candon, M
JournalMedical Care Research and Review
KeywordsHome health, nursing, scheduling, staffing, turnover

Despite considerable research on nursing turnover, few studies have considered turnover among nurses working in home health care. Using novel administrative data from one of the largest home health care organizations in the United States, this study examined turnover among home health nurses, focusing on the role of schedule volatility. We estimated separation rates among full-time and part-time registered nurses and licensed practical nurses and used daily visit logs to estimate schedule volatility, which was defined as the coefficient of variation of the number of daily visits in the prior four weeks. Between 2016 and 2019, the average annual separation rate of home health nurses was over 30%, with most separations occurring voluntarily. Schedule volatility and turnover were positively associated for full-time nurses, but not for part-time nurses. These results suggest that reducing schedule volatility for full-time nurses could mitigate nursing turnover in home health care.